Thursday, November 28, 2019
Alien Vs Predator essays This is a scientific film, its about a war between 2 groups of strange organisms which are not from earth. And all the fight is on earth inside an ancient pyramid in Egypt which has a relation ship between these aliens from a long time ago. I really liked the film much, I think it is so exiting, I liked its story much and its brilliant direction. And I wrote about some scenes from the film which I really found that they The story begins inside a research center in USA, where the group of the history scientists were talking about a strange pyramid which was discovered in Egypt. At the end of the talk the result was to send some of the group to the pyramid to find out what history or revolution does it belongs to. Unfortunately, the time the group was going to the pyramid, was the time the revolution of the aliens come to life again. All the frozen aliens in the pyramid will go out to life again. And the predators are coming to the pyramid to destroy the aliens and stop them from making their civilization One of the scenes which I really liked in the film was the scene when a woman scientist of the group called Sam was under the mercy of the 2 creatures. When Sam was running inside the pyramid from one of the aliens then suddenly a predator appears in front of her. I felt so pitiful toward her, but the strange thing was that the predator didnt attack her but he went for the alien. Then there was a strong painful fight between the 2 enormous strong creatures, which ended by the victory of the predator. This wasnt only the exciting part of the scene, when the predator killed the alien he went towards Sam as he approaches to her he gets out a sword and he almost kills kills her. I felt my heart beats at this time as she was so panic, then suddenly the predator stops as she get out a bag, then she opens it and gets out o ...
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Discover the Definition of a State, Sovereign State, Country, and Nation While the terms country, state, sovereign state, nation, and nation-state are often used interchangeably, there is a difference. Simply put: A state is a territory with its own institutions and populations.A sovereign state is a state with its own institutions and populations which has a permanent population, territory, and government. It must also have the right and capacity to make treaties and other agreements with other states.A nation isÃ a large group of people that inhabit a specific territory and are connected by history, culture or another commonality.A nation-state is a cultural group (a nation) that is also a state (and may, in addition, be a sovereign state). The word country can be used to mean the same thing as state, sovereign state, or nations include Wine Country (the grape-growing area of northern California) and Coal Country (the coal-mining region of Pennslyvania). Qualities of a Sovereign State State, nation, and country are all terms to describe groups of people who live in the same place and have a great deal in common. But while states and sovereign states are political entities, nations and countries may or may not be. A sovereign state (sometimes called an independent state) has the following qualities: Space or territory which has internationally recognized boundariesPeople who live there on an ongoing basis.Regulations governing foreign and domestic tradeThe ability to issue legal tender that is recognized across boundariesAn internationally recognizedÃ government which provides public services and police power and has the right to make treaties, wage war, and take other actions on behalf of its peopleSovereignty, meaning that no other state should have power over the countrys territory. There are many geographic entities that have some but not all of the qualities that make up a There are presently 195 sovereign states in the world (197 by some counts); 193 are members of the United Nations (the United Nations excludes Palestine and the Holy See). Two other entities, Taiwan and Kosovo, are recognized by some but not all members of the United Nations. Entities That Are Not Sovereign States There are many entities that have geographical and cultural significance and many of the qualities of a sovereign state but which are not, in fact, independent sovereign states. These include territories, non-sovereign states, and nations. Non-Sovereign States Territories of sovereign states are not sovereign states in their own right. There are many entities that have most qualities of sovereign states but are officially considered to be sovereign. Many have their own histories, and some even have their own languages. Examples include: Hong KongBermudaGreenlandPuerto RicoNorthern Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and England, all of which are non-sovereign parts of the United Kingdom The word state is also used to refer to geographic sections of sovereign states which have their own governments but which are subject to the larger federal government. The 50 United States are non-sovereign states. Nations Nations are culturally homogeneous groups of people which share a common language, institution, religion, and/or historical experience. Some nations are sovereign states, but many are not; some of those nations that hold territory but are not sovereign states include: The Indian Nations of the United StatesBosniaCatalonia (in northern Spain)QuebecCorsicaSicilyTibet In addition to nations that are non-sovereign states, it can be argued that there are nations that govern no territory at all.Ã For example, the Sindhi, Yoruba, Rohingya, and Igbo people share histories, cultures, and language but have no territory. There are some States which have two nations, such as Canada and Belgium. Nation-States When a nation of people has a sovereign state of their own, it is called a nation-state. Populations living in nation-states share a history, language, ethnicity, and culture (though, of course, most nation-states now include populations of immigrants who do not share the local culture). Places like Iceland and Japan are excellent examples of nation-states: the vast majority of people born in those nation-states share the same ancestry and culture.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Discussion 3 - Coursework Example The chest leads measurements should also be taken. The six chest leads are; V1-V6. The records in this stage are vital since they show the time of electric travel from one node to another. The records give the average time taken by the ventricles to recover or refill with blood. Lead I voltage is then measured with reference to the electrodes between the right arm and the left leg. The records give the longest time of electric travel between the furthest limbs (Christoffels, 2009). The records should be taken for each limb with the relative nodes identified in different parts of the body. The readings taken should show the time of electric travel and the ventricle recovery. ST segment elevation in lead II, III and AVR creates some movements in the left auricle of the heart. It causes the contraction and relaxation of the left auricle muscles as a result of an electric impulse (Surawicz, 2009). The relaxation and contraction forces blood through the valve thereby causing it to close and open. The contraction and relaxation affects the right atrioventricular valve. ST segment elevated in VI-V2 affect the left ventricle. It results in a systematic contraction and relaxation of the left ventricle. It combines a series of action relating to the contraction and relaxation of the lower part of the heart muscles. It affects the left coronary artery causing it to open and close at regular intervals. It results in the entry and expulsion of blood from the chamber that also sets the heartbeat pace (Katz, 2010). It also triggers a strong force that forces the blood out of the heart through the aorta. ST segment elevated in V3-V4 affects the right ventricleÃ¢â¬â¢s muscles. The opening and closing of the valve is triggered by an electric impulse that originates from the left ventricle muscles. The segment produces an electrical conduction system that controls the Purkinje fibers. The effects are caused by an impulse resulting from
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Assignment - Essay Example These attributes are important because these allow the nurse to perform his or her job much more effectively in terms of the delivery of expected expert care and affect or influence the outcome of various nursing therapeutic roles such as in emotional support, spiritual guidance, information gathering and sharing with the patient, in advocacy of certain medical and ethical issues related to nursing care and patient interactions, in validation of the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings, in patient empowerment, and psychological ventilation of the many concerns that many patients usually have, especially those already undergoing their end-stage palliative care. Taken together, all these mentioned attributes are to be directed towards one goal only which is the rendition of nursing care, and in this connection, there are several nursing theories of care which had been propounded by expert nursing practitioners over the years. Among the foremost theories are that of Swanson which relate to the aspects of knowing (the patient), being with, doing for, engaging in the enabling process, and finally, in maintaining belief (Swanson, 2010:433). There are many other similar theories of nursing care which require the same attributes of a good registered nurse like that of Jean WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s the Caring Moment, that of Lydia HallÃ¢â¬â¢s Core, Cure, and Care, and of Ernestine WeidenbachÃ¢â¬â¢s nursing as a helping art. Nursing developed not only as task-based interventions but as real care (West, 2009:16). Critical thinking is the ability of a person to analyse certain facts and events in an objective manner that helps him or her to make a wise decision. It is therefore a type of reasoning that allows a person to synthesize information from observations and experiences to enable him to reach a reasonably accurate belief and combine this with reflection for an effective action. For those in the nursing profession, critical
Monday, November 18, 2019
Leadership Portfolio - Essay Example In addition, I love planning and organizing social events. Attending MBA will smooth the path of my goals. Such a program will deepen my expertise and broaden my perspectives. Above all, SEU MBA will help me strengthen both the financial knowledge and the entrepreneurial skills. The assessment that I have completed during this course has served to make my self-reflect better, because I can comfortably evaluate a given topic as required. After provision of the feedback on the assessment I have learnt the areas that I need to improve upon and most especially self-study. I have been experiencing problems with self-study, because I believed I would only understand a given subject of study if I learn it in the classroom setting. However, after evaluating the assessments and the feedback I can now conduct my self-study and even learn ahead on the topics that we anticipate learning in class. The assessment that has been an eye-opening of them all is the leadership trait questionnaire (LTQ). This is because it helped me determine my personal leadership traits, as I took the assessment and evaluated the score; I know have admirable leadership traits, even though previously, I was not certain on the same. In order to improve the organizations leadership and determine individuals that have leadership traits I can utilize the LTQ on my colleagues and followers in the firm (Rosch, 2007). Prior to introducing the assessment in the organization, I will conduct my personal research on the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership structure and the traits of those in leadership. This research will give me an opportunity to determine the traits that need to be addressed, the strengths and weakness of my colleagues. I will then analyze these factors and start my assessment by asking my colleagues what they fill about varying leadership issues and the traits they believe a quality leader should have in order to help the firm attain its goals.
Friday, November 15, 2019
Labor Market For University Graduates Economics Essay For quite some time, Egypt has suffered chronic unemployment with the unemployment rates hovering during the past decade well above 9 percent. Like several other developing countries, the unemployment problem in Egypt is prevalent among university graduates. In 2008, almost 17 percent of Egypts labor force had a university degree. University graduates, however, represented approximately one third of the unemployed labor versus 2% of illiterates (CAPMAS 2008). The noticeably high unemployment rates among university graduates represent a heavy drain on the countrys scarce human and financial resources. Those distortions in the graduates labor market in terms of skills needed by employers and those offered by workers are mainly the outcome of prolonged policies that failed to promote economic growth and increase employment. Although, Egypt took a concrete steps and adopted active labor market policies towards the youth, the mismatch problem still exists. Gobbi (2005) diagnosed this phenomenon as follows: the existence of poor data on the labor demand needs, it is difficult to cope with dynamics of the labor market, only 5% received guidance from the authority to training centers and finally the low quality of the training due to lack of funds, shortage of competent trainers, scarcity of modern equipment and innovative methods, and insufficient course duration. Those distortions highlights the need to understand the status and imbalances in the university graduates labor markets and identify appropriate strategies to reduce unemployment and improve the well being and opportunities of the university graduates. Although individual welfare in Egypt is correlated with university graduation, the labor markets for university graduates has not been sufficiently efficient. The inefficiencies are an outcome of the particular structure and features of those markets on both the demand and suplly sides. There is an extensive body of research literature that examines the main features of the labor markets for university graduates in Egypt. The research suggests that the field of studyÃ¢â¬â classified according to academic departmentÃ¢â¬âhas a significant effect on the labor market for the university graduates. For instance, it is likely that the medical school, pharmacy and engineering graduates mayÃ¢â¬âon averageÃ¢â¬âachieve better labor market outcomes in comparison with the holders of Bachelor of Arts degrees. Moreover, the nature of the university ownership (public, private or foreign) may affect its graduates labor market opportunities and expected lifetime incomes. Further, there is an increasing tendency towards recruiting graduates from foreign universities/sections. Hence, graduates from Arabic sections in commerce and law Ã¢â¬âfor exampleÃ¢â¬â dont have the opportunity to penetrate the labor market. The same applies to faculties that do not generate the re quired skilled labor for the society like humanities and agriculture (OECD and IBRD-The World Bank 2010). Gender-specific differencesÃ¢â¬âparticularly on the demand sideÃ¢â¬âhave been observed to influence the labor market decisions and potentials for the university graduates leading to unequivocal male dominance. This is manifested by the staggering 71 percent representation of males in the total number of employed university graduates. Other personal, demographic, spatial and household characteristics influence the graduates labor market decisions importantly, marital status and location of residence. According to the 1998 and 2006 Egyptian Labor Market Surveys, unmarried women experienced faster transition from university-to-work vis-Ã -vis married women. Alternatively, university graduates in urban areas represent almost 70 percent of the total number of employed university graduates owing to the low number of job opportunities suitable for their skills in the rural region. The rural university graduates access to employment and wage potentials is further curtailed by the hig h economic costs of migration across the rural urban divide generally because of the higher costs of urban reallocation. The above characteristics imply that the university graduates labor markets in Egypt are highly segmented. They are also influenced by non-competitive forces, which act as barriers to equitable access to employment opportunities and to fair wage compensations. Hence, personal, clan- and family-based connections and networks, communal norms and opportunistic rent-seeking behavior can pay for having a good job and raise the probability of accessing the labor market. As in many developing countries, there is a mismatch between Egyptian university graduates labor market realities and its institutions. Moreover, Employment Guarantee Scheme established in the 1960s lead to lowering the quality of education at all levels, and the growing number of graduates led to queuing for government jobs (Birdsall and OConnell 1999). Examining the characteristics of informal workers in 1998 and 2006 marked the increase in the share of youth (20-29 years old) among informal workers. Moreover, the share of university graduates has increased slightly over this period suggesting that more university graduates are informally employed in 2006 than in 1998 (Wahba 2009). Based on what shown above the Egyptian educational expansion is not translated into higher productivity and income for graduates, instead it induces diminishing returns. The reasons behind that are the shortage of Egypts education policy to efficient-enhancing discipline necessary for enhancing the graduated workers competitiveness in the export market, and the labor market regime and regulations that leads to an increase in the cost of labor and rigidities in the labor market (Birdsall and OConnell 1999). Therefore, it is of paramount interest that all players in the graduates labor market- the government, the university system administrators, employers and graduates themselves- must endeavor to put an end to this vicious circle. The main object of this research is to analyze the structure of the labor market for university graduates in Egypt and suggest pragmatic strategies to increase its efficiency. Because of the statistical deficiencies of the labor market data in Egypt, the proposed research will be based on a new stylized dataset for the supply and demand for university graduates. The remainder of this proposal is divided as follows. II. Objective The proposed research aims at informing the Egyptian decision makers in addressing fundamental policy issues concerning the supply and demand of university graduates and their movements in the labor markets. Consequently, the analysis should be able to improve the decision makers understanding of the different factors driving unemployment not only among university graduates but also in the overall economy via studying the processes and market and non-market institutions involved in the flow of university graduates in and out of establishments, university graduates (mis)match with jobs and the distribution of university graduates across sectors. Importantly, the study will consider the determination of the wage structure and the relationship of vacancies and unemployment cross different sectors and year of graduation. Specifically, the research will cover the following main issues. 1. Analysis of the structure of the Egyptian university graduates labor markets. This includes an overview of the relative wage/earnings structure (including all types of benefits) and the sources of wage inequality by type of employment, job, gender, enterprise, demographic characteristics, region, etc. The study will aim at examining the university graduates labor supply and demand sides. Hence, the study shall explore the different dimensions of the incentives that graduates haveÃ¢â¬âincluding the various factors that affect their reservation wagesÃ¢â¬âto provide labor services and to offer a specific number of hours of work per week and per year. The study shall differentiate between the incentives facing men and women separately, which determine the observed choices for the uses of time including the role of wages and job characteristics (stability, private/government, etc.), years of experience, family status, wage differentials by sex, informality, paid/nonpaid jobs, fam ily/personal income, type of enterprise, marital status and other households, community environment, firms and sectoral characteristics. 2. The main object of study shall aim at providing a detailed taxonomy of the structure of the demand for Egyptian university graduates. The study will generally aim at identifying the incentives of different firms and enterprises to hire graduates and the factors that influence job openings hires. In addition, different elasticities shall be estimated to evaluate the firms years of experience/skill graduates demand mix considering the prevailing relative wage, costs of production and market and non market institutional arrangements. Particular emphasis will be given to government and public sector demand for graduates that is influenced by both socioeconomic and political considerations. Finally, the study shall evaluate whether too much education is being produced relative to the needs of the different employers and whether there is a mismatch between the job characteristics and the graduates qualifications. 3. The study will examine the effect and role that grades have to play in the Egyptian university graduates labor market by type and spatial allocation of university and by type of employment private/public/government, formal/informal, temporary/tenured/seasonal, etc. The study shall consider the effect of grades on job and career prospects when entering the labor market. It will also examine whether or not these effects are transitory and whether they change (positively/negatively) over time. The study, therefore, shall test and analyze the relation between grades and annual wagesÃ¢â¬âper formal and per actual hours of workÃ¢â¬âat different time intervals (years) after graduation to capture the age impact of the university graduates final grades. 4. The study shall examine the effect of minimum wage on the number of hours worked and on the structure of the wage distribution across sectors in Egypt focusing on university graduates. The study will determine the discrepancies in the length of the period needed for the youngest inexperienced vs. the older workers to decide exiting the minimum wage and identify graduates who would be most probably affected. The study shall extend the employment and wage effects of adopting the minimum wage policy on both the formal and informal sectors. This should provide the decision makers with guidelines for the design of an appropriate minimum wage policy that takes into consideration the profile of minimum wage employees and their productivity. 5. The study aims at measuring the intergenerational economic and social mobility among university graduates in Egypt by measuring the degree to which the graduates circumstances at birth, family background and ties with and membership in different communities can affect their employment and wage level. In addition, the study will probe into how status in the social hierarchy system changes throughout the course of the graduates career based on their own effort. The findings of the study will be employed to analyze the linkages between key socioeconomic variables including education attainment, persons skill and quality of performance, wage rate, job security and stability and equitable access to opportunities. Differences in opportunitiesÃ¢â¬âowing to the individuals own rank within the family/community, place of residence e.g., urban/rural, upper/lower and other relevant socioeconomic and demographic characteristicsÃ¢â¬âwill be identified. 6. Policy evaluationÃ¢â¬âbased on the findings derived from the studies 1-5Ã¢â¬âto formulate policy informative guiding principles and design doable strategies for reducing unemployment and incidence of joblessness among Egyptian university graduates, increasing their earning potentials and employment opportunities and promising them better access to the labor markets both at the present time and in the future. The strategies shall be cast within an amenable format that can be easily implemented by the decision makers. III. Data Sources Graduate survey Survey on the labor market outcomes of graduates from the higher education system in Egypt, data will be collected through a multistage stratified random sample. The strata are all the academic departments and the graduation year. There will be an oversampling for the private schools to deal with their absent in the past. The questionnaire will study some demographic characteristics ,the job situation of graduates, type of the job and duties characteristics, educational requirements for the job, the match between their studies and their graduate job (education-job match), past jobs (jobs history). They were also asked whether they had taken any postgraduate studies or any training programs (training purpose, type of training and the corresponding cost), and if they had any experience with mobility. To study the effect and role that grades have to play in the Egyptian university graduates labor market, the questionnaire should have question about the cumulative grade that the graduate got on the final year of school. For some cases, when the GPA will be available, the graduate score will be converted to have the same grade system. Specific section with detailed questions for graduates who were unemployed and some other questions about the communities surround the graduates. This survey will be conducte d quarterly to capture the seasonality effect. Establishment survey The survey sample should represent all establishments in all economy sectors. Multistage stratified sample will be conducted. Some establishment characteristics will be taken into consideration such as the geographic region, public or private establishment and establishment size. Some specific sub surveys could be conducted: informal survey and micro-survey for enterprise that has less than 5 employees. The questionnaire will study all things that encourage different establishments to hire graduates, all the socioeconomic and political considerations that are related to hiring new employees. Some establishments require special training programs, so there will be some questions about the purpose of the training program, the cost, and the places that provide such training. It is important also to ask about the factors that influence new job openings. There will be also questions about the annual wages, working days, formal and actual working hours, cost of production and full- and part-time workers who are paid a wage or salary and some other questions about the communities surround the establishments. The survey will be conducted at the end of the fiscal year. To test the design and check its feasibility, a pilot study will be conducted for each of the two surveys. IV. Expected Budget Level Estimate US $ Overall Project Costs Human Resources Lead Economist Economic Expert(S) Statistics Expert(s) Economic Researchers Statisticians Conducting the survey Software and Equipments Workshops and Eeminars Bibliography Amer, M. 2007.Transition from Education to Work. Egypt Country Report. European Training Foundation (ETF) Working document. Birdsall, Nancy and Lesley OConnell. 1999. Putting Education to Work in Egypt. Central Agency for Public Mobilization And Statistics (CAPMAS). 2008. Labor force Sample Survey. www.capmas.gov.eg Chen, M.and J. Vanek. 2005. Informal employment: rethinking workforce development. In Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, No Jobs Labor Markets and Informal Work in Egypt, El Salvador, India, Russia, and South Africa. Ed. By Avirgan, T., L. Josh Bivens and Sarah Gammage. Global Policy Network. Economic Policy Institute. El Zannaty and Associates. 2007. School-to-work Transition: Evidence from Egypt. Employment Policy Papers; 2007/2. Employment Policy Department, ILO. El-Haddad, A. 2009. Labor Market Gender Discrimination under Structural Adjustment: The Case of Egypt. Working Paper #003, SRC/CIDA Research Program on Gender and Work. Social Research Center, The American University in Cairo and the Canadian International Development Agency. El-Mahdi, A. and M. Amer. 2005. Egypt: Growing Informality, 1990-2003. Chapter 1 in Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, No Jobs Labor Markets and Informal Work in Egypt, El Salvador, India, Russia, and South Africa. Ed. By Avirgan, T., L. Josh Bivens and Sarah Gammage. Global Policy Network. Economic Policy Institute. Galal, Ahmed. 2002. The Paradox of Education and Unemployment in Egypt Working. Egyptian Center for Economic Studies (ECES). Paper No. 67. Gobbi, M. 2007. Flexibility and security in labour markets of developing countries. In search of decent work for all Employment. Paper No. 2007/6 Policy Papers Employment Policy Department, ILO, Geneva. Gobbi, M. and N. Alena. 2005. Towards a New Balance between Labour Market Flexibility and Employment Security for Egypt. ILO. National Tripartite Symposium on Employment Policy in Egypt (16-17 January 2005, Cairo). Kenawy, Ezzat Molouk. 2006. University Education and its Relation to Development in Egypt. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 2(12): 1270-1284. OECD and World Bank. 2010.Reviews of National Policies for Education: Higher Education in Egypt. Pauw, Kalie, MornÃ © Oosthuizen, and Carlene van der Westhuizen. 2006. Graduate Unemployment in the Face of Skills Shortages: A Labour Market Paradox. Development Policy Research Unit. DPRU Working Paper 06/114. Radwan, Samir. 2002. Employment and Unemployment in Egypt: Conventional Problems, Unconventional Remedies. Egyptian Center for Economic Studies (ECES). Working Paper No. 70. Wahba, J. 2009. Informality in Egypt: a Stepping Stone or a Dead End? Economic Research Forum Working Paper No. 456.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
National Parks and Air Traffic I. Introduction Grand Canyon National Parks attracted 4.5 million visitors in 1999. Of these 4.5 million visitors, about 40% were not Americans - Germans, French, and Japanese led the way. Grand Canyon National Park brings in millions of tourist dollars per year to the region. One of the most popular ways to see the Canyon besides simply driving to the South Rim and spending the day is by airplane or helicopter. About 800,000 people per year fly over the Canyon. In the peak summer periods, there are over 1,000 flights every day. 31 air companies operating out of five states (Arizona, Nevada, California, Utah, and Colorado) operate tours over the Grand Canyon. In 1995, the total air tour revenue was approximately $115.9 million. An average 30-minute helicopter flights costs $100 per person. The air tour companies argue that they provide a needed service to older and handicap people and children, who would otherwise be unable to experience the Canyon. They also say that their use of the Canyon is envi ronmentally-friendly by not contributing to the air pollution, road congestion, vehicle traffic, garbage and crowded vistas that are common every day during the peak summer periods on the South Rim. Opponents to overflights state that the noise intrusion from the constant buzz of air traffic is intolerable for those hikers, campers, and visitors on the ground, trying to enjoy the natural quiet of the Canyon. They also state that because of the sheer volume of air traffic, this form of sight-seeing has become unacceptably dangerous, citing numerous fatal air accidents. II. Background Shortly after airplanes began flying, air tour companies started on the South Rim and in Nevada in the... ...l, Edwin. "Abuzz About Flights Over the Grand Canyon." New York Times 20 October 1996. Murphy, Jamie. "A Bunch of Little Gnats: A droning echo of tourist flights through the Grand Canyon." Time 28 April 1986: 60. National Parks Overflights Act of 1987 Ã § 100, 16 U.S.C. Ã § 1a-1 (1987). OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, Bob. Our National Parks and the Search for Sustainability. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1999. Oversight of Grand Canyon Overflights, 1992: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Aviation of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 102nd Congress, 2nd Session (1992). S. 268, The National parks Overflights Act of 1997, 1997: Hearing before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 105th Congress, 1st Session (1997). "U.S. Government Announces Limits on Flights Over Grand Canyon." Arizona Republic 29 March 2000.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Assignment 1. 3 External Factors and the Real Estate Industry By Karen Chapman 11 November 2012 Assignment 1. 3 Index: 1. The demographic environment: 1. 1Cultural diversity trends and developmentsPage 3 1. 2Demographics of own area, vs. national demographics and trendsPage 3 2. The economic environment: 2. 1 The current economic environmentPage 3 2. 2 Socio-economic factorsPage 4 3. The political environmentPage 4 4. The technological environmentPage 5 5. The competitive environmentPage 5 6. The legal environment: 6. 1 Regulations pertaining to property ownershipPage 5 . 2 Regulations pertaining to land use controlsPage 6 6. 3 Other rules and regulationsPage 6 ConclusionPage 6 ReferencesPage 6 Assignment 1. 3 Introduction: The real estate industry is hugely affected by external factors, which have the effect of either having a positive or negative impact on us as real estate agents. When the economy is good houses sell and buyers are able to qualify for bonds. When the economy is in a downturn then houses stay on the market for a lot longer. Buyers are more reluctant to take the plunge and buy property.Repossessions increase and banks often become more reluctant to grant bonds. 1. The demographic environment 1. 1Prior to the repealing of the Group Areas Act the residential housing market was segmented by race. Each race group was legally only allowed to stay in certain areas and neighbourhoods. After the repealing of the Group Areas Act and the democratisation of South Africa after our first free and fair elections for all races in 1994, different race groups and ethnicities started living together in the same neighbourhoods for the first time.With South Africa being welcomed back into the international community we also now have more clients from around the world. This has also resulted in a major paradigm shift for estate agents Ã¢â¬â from serving one race group previously we are now dealing with clients from every race and ethnicity from both South Afric a and around the world. To be successful and effective, estate agents have had to learn to be sensitive to, and understand, different cultures and their customs.Buyers and sellers have also had to learn to be more tolerant towards the different cultures and norms of their neighbours. 1. 2The demographics of my Ã¢â¬Å"farm areaÃ¢â¬ are representative of the national urban demographics and trends. 2. The economic environment 2. 1 The world economic crisis has also negatively impacted on the South African economy and this had had a direct negative impact on our housing market. Due to cut backs and layoffs many homeowners are finding it difficult to meet their bond commitments and as a result many homes are being repossessed by the banks.Buyers are also experiencing difficulties in obtaining bonds from banks one of the main reasons being that South African banks appear to fear further repercussions from the global credit crisis and continued job losses (up to 400 000 before the year end) House prices have continued to fall. Absa's senior property analyst Jacques du Toit said house prices dropped further in nominal terms in June, by 4,4% year-on- Assignment 1. 3 year, while in real terms, prices were down by 11,1% year-on-year in May. But the residential market is expected to improve early in 2013Mortgage stress has increased from 55 000 in the second quarter of 2011 to 155,000 in the second quarter of 2012. Severe mortgage stress, where bondholders are over 4 months in arrears, has almost doubled in a year and increased sharply in June to over 72 000 home owners from 55 000 in the first quarter. Despite the lower interest rates there are more sales in execution than ever before. Currently there are approximately 4 500 houses per month which are being sold forcibly through legal channels which includes sales in execution, insolvency sales and bank's voluntary distressed sales channels. . 2 With the global economic meltdown, retrenchments and unemployment have be come more and more of a reality in South Africa. With the increased unemployment levels, bondholders have become more hard-pressed to make payments and this has led to an increase in defaults and consequently repossessions. Other homeowners have tried to sell their properties as they have become more financially strapped. This has resulted in an over supply of properties on the market (a buyers market) and as a result some buyers are able to negotiate more favourable/lower prices on houses.Many buyers are also reluctant to buy because of economic uncertainty. (job loss/retrenchment). Banks stringent lending criteria have also prevented potential buyers from obtaining loans. The net result being that the property market has been severely negatively impacted. 3. The political environment: The change in the political environment in South Africa has also resulted in a change in the real estate industry. Agents had to previously deal with clients from one race group e. g. but with the re pealing of the Groups Areas Act we now deal with clients we previously never dealt with i. e. ifferent race groups, ethnicities and nationalities In 20 years, South Africa has achieved many successes, including greater political stability and greater economic freedom. Research Worldwide. com has just published results of its annual survey, which showed that property investments in South Africa showed an actual total return of 15,1% last year. South African commercial real estate outperformed sixteen other major countries. The real estate boom in South Africa and low interest rates continues to encourage homeowners to feel confident and spend buying those houses for sale, farms for sale and commercial property for saleAssignment 1. 3 4. The technological environment: Technology has become an integral part of Real Estate over the past few years. Property software programs have played Ã¢â¬â and will play an increasingly important role in the future of Real Estate. To remain competit ive real estate agencies need to use the latest technology to benefit their business. The real challenge is to find a software application (programme) that supports all facets of the industry, cutting out the need to duplicate day-to-day work.The world wide web enables estate agents to operate globally as properties can be viewed from anywhere in the world. An agent can create a virtual office in his car with a laptop, 3G connection and a cell phone. 5. The competitive environment: The real estate industry has often been perceived as an unprofessional industry because there have been no entry standards for those wishing to join the industry. However, this is changing as all real estate agents are now required to obtain the FETC: Real Estate Level 4 qualification to enable them to practice as agents.This has benefits for both the industry and clients Ã¢â¬â the industry will have knowledgeable and qualified/professional agents which will enable both buyers and sellers effectively. Qualified agents will be in high demand in the industry. 6. The legal environment 6. 1 Regulations pertaining to property: There are a number of acts that govern property ownership in South Africa: Sectional Titles Act 95 of 1986 Makes it possible for different persons to each own a portion of a building Companies Act 61 of 1973 Share block shares must be transferred in terms of the Companies ActShare Blocks Control Act 59 of 1980 Controls the operation of Share Block schemes Housing Development Schemes for Retired Persons Act 65 of 1988 Regulates the development and alienation (sale or lease) of accommodation in schemes which are Ã¢â¬Å"Housing Development SchemesÃ¢â¬ as defined by the Act The Estate Agencies Affairs Act 112 of 1976 Safeguards the interests of members of the public in their dealings with Estate Agents The Estate Agencies Affairs Board is a regulatory body established by the above Act. Alienation of Land Act 68 of 1981
Friday, November 8, 2019
Poverty in South Africa Essay Essays Poverty in South Africa Essay Essay Poverty in South Africa Essay Essay Question 1 Growth and poverty are associated with improvements in the living standards and the welfare of the population. South Africa is ideally a good example of a country where records indicate that economic growth has translated improvements in the well-being of the majority of the population. Since its transition to democracy in 1994, the country has experienced economic growth. South Africa from 1995-2005 has experienced an average growth rate of approximately 3.4% indicating that there is an improvement in reducing the poverty level in the country. The incidence of poverty in South Africa has declined by 5% resulting in general robust regarding growth and development. The primary objective of the lawmakers is to create a better life for all people by establishing programs that strengthen grassroots organizations and enables them to provide affordable credit for small businesses. Therefore, this essay seeks to evaluate various strategies the government of South Africa has improvised to ad dress the issue of growth and poverty. Free essay on poverty in South Africa Jobs through Public Works The government of South Africa is ideally playing a significant role in building an economy which offers the people of South Africa an opportunity to contribute productively. All South African were given the opportunity to participate in the economic life of the country to alleviate poverty in the country. The creation of job opportunities specifically catered for youth and women so that to address the issue of unemployment in the country. The job creation ensured adequate incomes along with labor standards locally, regionally and internationally. The fact of the matter is that the government of South Africa created programs that helped to promote empowerment, education, training and community capacity to eradicate all forms of poverty in the country. This strategy is aimed at strengthening economic development, redistribution of income as well as socioeconomic opportunities for the poor. These jobs created a link towards building the economy of the country and repair environmental d amage while expanding as well as reconstructing industrial and agricultural base (Chossudovsky, Marshall, 2010, p.56).The country is a big player in the manufacturing and mining sector and the action plan through job creation in the industries has increased emphasis on macroeconomic reform to increase investment further. Therefore, the table below illustrates how the government has made significant progress in meeting the goals of economic growth, poverty reduction and job creation in the most household in the country. Social Security and Social Welfare The apartheid regime in South Africa contributed significantly towards the destruction of family and community life in several ways. Since then the government has transformed various programs aimed at improving the social welfare policies and ensuring the attainment of social developmental goals. The achievement of these basic social protection rights was established irrespective of color, race, religion and physical disability (Pempel, 2010, p.67).The government has focused on creating robust, balanced and dynamic economic policies to meet the basic needs of people in the country. For these systems to be achieved the state has established participatory, accountable and transparent policy-making procedures in both the private as well as government sectors for sustainable improvements in services and income. Through the monetary and fiscal policy, the government of South Africa aims to alleviate inequalities in income and wealth as well as expand productive opportunities so that to su pport small and micro enterprises. Utilization of capital remains a key factor in the government of South Africa to promote growth in production of goods which were previously imported. This policy has led to a significant contribution to foreign exchange earning thus addressing economic growth in the country. Therefore, the table below indicates the growth incidences over the past ten years regarding economic development. Sample essay on poverty Economic Liberalization The government has made significant progress in developing a plan for social transformation in the reconstruction and development program. This strategy ideally has helped the people of South Africa to acquire massive human resource development resulting of new attitudes towards work. The nation implemented the property rights which are the most important poverty reduction strategies. Securing property rights to land is vital to most societies in South Africa. The land is the most basic need for rural residents, and the apartheid policies pushed millions of black South African into overcrowded and improvised reserves. The introduction of the agrarian reform program by the government has enabled the citizens of South Africa to build the economy through rural developments. The program aimed at securing tenure for rural dwellers and strengthens the economy by generating large-scale employment, eliminating overcrowding and increasing rural incomes. Under this program, the government of S outh Africa has made it possible for the poor and disadvantaged people to buy and access land for residential as well as productive purposes to improve their livelihoods. The growth of local economies has helped to improve the quality of rural life. The development efforts by the government of South Africa have enabled the majority of small-scale farmers to create a functionally efficient, integrated as well as equitable distribution of resources in rural areas. The table below therefore gives a clear picture on how economic growth in South Africa has improved the living standards of people in both rural and urban areas. Industry, Trade, and Commerce Trade and industrial policy is ideally a solid strategy that the government of South Africa has integrated to address the growth and poverty in the country. Prudent implementation of monetary policies in particular increase in public sector investment, interest rates and gross investment in the industry resulting in productivity and foster innovation. The government has developed more cost-effective incentives schemes designed to improve performance and reduce the bias against small and medium-sized exporters. However, essentially, the government has employed the aspect of commercialization and privatization of companies to identify new economies sites of competitive advantage (Tran, 2012, p87).Central to such an endeavor, the government has increased engagements with regional and international trade as well as the development of social and economic infrastructure so that to bring more dynamic business environment. The government has made easier for the black people to access capital for business development. Additionally, the policies aim to empower women and youth by ensuring no discrimination occurs in financial institutions. The state and private companies also provide capital for the attainment of black economic empowerment objectives. From the national economy and economy policy standpoint, government agencies have provided infrastructure and skills to raise income and create healthier working conditions in small businesses. The table, therefore, illustrates the growth regarding revenues generated through the help of the government of South Africa from both state and private companies thus addressing the issue of poverty and growth.
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Models Of Organizational Performance Example Models Of Organizational Performance Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example Models of organizational performance Organizational performance management normally ensures that a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s resources are properly being utilizedto make sure that the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s goals are met. This paper is going to compare the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) and the balanced scorecard. The EFQM is designed to aid organizations attain business excellence via continuous improvement and management of processes aimed at engendering broader use of the best practice activities. The balanced scorecard on the other hand expresses a strategy for an organization as a set of goals that can be measured from the view of the investors, external stakeholders, owners and even organisation itself. Both models are similar in that they have been able to attain commitment and sponsorship of entire management teams. They have also been able to introduce management processes that are Ã¢â¬Å"embeddedÃ¢â¬ and which utilize outputs to drive continued improvement and renew and refresh the Balanced Scorecard over a period of time.2. A company may use various performance measurements ways to evaluate its customer satisfaction which include perspectives such as; innovation and financial perspectives, internal business and customerÃ¢â¬â¢s perspectives. It is true that several organizations depend on their customers for profits, and thus most companies will evaluate their staff based on how they perform with their customers. 3. Two examples of quality indicators that a company can use include; performance improvement and accountability. Thus a basic set of performance measures will reveal the number of units in service that has been delivered. More complicated sets of measures will provide this primary information and so much more. A proper set of performance measures will reveal how well a given service was provided, at what quality level and its effect on customers. Work Cited K.Gopal, Kanji. Measuring Business Excellence. New York: Routledge, 2012.
Monday, November 4, 2019
Women in business - Coursework Example Furthermore, Ã¢â¬ËPositive influencesÃ¢â¬â¢ would also help in enhancing the sustainability in business along with betterment of the leadership mentality. This progressions in the individual characteristics development is going to enhance the ability of Ã¢â¬ËcommunicationÃ¢â¬â¢ that would indicate the base point of any business. According to my individual need for development, these four goals would help in improving my ability for meeting the appropriated requisites of relevant business module. Professional aspiration is one of the important situations in life irrespective of the gender the individual belong. Furthermore, being a woman, I am even likely to face certain problems in the course of achieving these goals and fulfilling my professional desires (Elkin, 1960). In this regard, the paper intends to develop an effective understanding of the different needs for meeting with the progression of developing identities of women in business within the global domain. By analys ing the different aspects of the problems attached with development of women, I will be enhancing my ability to understand myself and develop a better attribute of meeting with my personal needs of development. Biologically, we can differentiate male and female based on their predefined physical appearances. However, in sociological aspect, the gendered views of the society segregates women and men based on the terms of Ã¢â¬ËmasculinityÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËfemininityÃ¢â¬â¢ parallel to their physical and biological segregations. The different influences exerted by the notion of socialisation could affect the behavioural patterns of culture and motivate to participation of new members in social relationship. My perception is that socialisation starts from families where these factors acts as agencies of socialisation and inflicts the views of discriminations based on gender. At the very beginning of my life, I have been allocated with different dress materials, colours for
Friday, November 1, 2019
Prime Minister's Question Time - Essay Example he tasked the prime minister to respond to whether his government will remain on record from 1920 as the only government that left the economic conditions of the citizens worse than he found them. In his response, he refuted the claims that the economic levels of the overall citizens were deteriorating rather citing the record from International Monetary Fund (IMF) that signifies that Britains economic growth was on the rise. the records from IMF also signified that employment levels were on the increase again according to the response by the prime minister. from the 2010 manifestation of providing better life conditions. growth, jobs, and wages are increasing despite inflation. he refuted the issue of failing to attain economic growth through arguing that women employment and the youths employment levels are on the increase. From the Prime Ministers point of view, the energy policy and minimum wage policy are dangerous and will preset negative shifts of the within the economy. tax c uts that the government is providing is not only ensuring life is fair for the low income earners but also reducing the government reduction. Reduction of public spending and ensuring appropriate tax reports remain among the significant achievements leading to economic growth. He dismissed the idea of increasing minimum wage arguing that it will influence inflation and that focusing on overall economic growth is the essential factor. He disagreed with the idea of reducing the amount spent on defense to 2% of GDP arguing defense was a crucial factor within the growth of an economy. after the establishment of the inquiry committee six years the opposition accused the government of failing to table a report or focus on means of delivering the inquiry report of UKs involvement in the war in Iran. Cameron accused the opposition for voting