Tuesday, March 12, 2019
Arguing the Existence of God from Religious Experience
Analyse the transmission line for the public of immortal from ghostlike convey A ghostly run into offers a sense of the ultimate and an knowingness of wholeness, a consciousness of the infinite and an absolute dependence. Edward Schleiermacher. Religious stick has been a contentious subject for philosophers of religion in trying to actually squ are off what a ghostlike give is, along with psychologists and spiritual conceptualisers. Otto, James, Hardy and Schleiermacher are among many people who squander tried to define a religious populate and there basic discernment is it is an en numberinger with the divine.It is non-empirical, a individualized occurrence that brings with it an awareness of something beyond ourselves. Those who nourish had such an experience count it as the ultimate establishment of the existence of God. It is difficult to find a common theme with religious experiences due to the variety just you stop divide them into two basic groups a dire ct experience and an substantiating experience. Testimonies of the occurrence of religious experiences can be found throughout homophile history, but do they prove that humanity has a link with God if they are true and if they are false, why are we so determine to believe them?Every testimony of a religious experience is ridiculous and most occur to individuals in private but others are integrated experiences, when large numbers of people share in the same experience. scorn the testimony of believers there is a vast range of alternative explanations for such events which means it is impossible to arrive at a definite understanding of religious experience and to verify or falsify whether such events occur. The parameter from religious experience is an inductive argument.Those who believe that religious experiences are proof of Gods existence usually argue inductively and look at the subjective testimonies of individuals to association similar conclusions from their experience s that can only be explained in terms of the existence of God. Thus Richard Swinburne in Is there a God? argues inductively that it is reasonable to believe that God is loving and mortalal and would seek to reveal himself to humanity as an act of love to enable people to bring about vertical An omnipotent and perfectly tidy creator will seek to interact with his creatures and, in particular, with human persons capable of knowing him. Swinburne suggests that religious experiences can be felt empirically and interpreted non-empirically through our religious sense. Thus, if someone has a religious experience, we should believe the experience has taken place, even if their experience differs from others. In analyse of the inductive argument, it is strong as there is evidence that aft(prenominal) the experience the experient is changed forever. Moreover some of the greatest events in history stir resulted from people having religious experiences, such as Pauls regeneration after seeing a vision of Christ and was instrumented into spreading Christianity slightly the world.Nevertheless, the continued problem remains that the conclusion is only the best firmness that appears probable on the basis of the evidence offered. The conclusion depends on an undefiled interpretation of the evidence which may be influenced by the beliefs of the experient or the person interpreting the experience. The cumulative argument for religious experience is based on the view that if you take all the arguments about religious experience to establishher, and then they are much convince than one argument alone.If all the testimonies to religious experiences are taken into account, then this would certainly add weight to religious experience as proof of the existence of God. Swinburne concludes his work with the cumulative argument and believes that when the arguments are considered in isolation of the others they gullt prove God, but put together, they make an overwhelming ar gument which cannot be denied in the dreadful scales of Atheism Vs Theism. But it has been argued the theory is logically and mathematically flawed as taking many low probabilities and adding does not make on more probable argument in fact the opposite.You should be multiplying the weak arguments to get a very weak argument. Richard Swinburne believed that unless we have good reason to telephone that someone is not telling the truth we should work on the article of belief that what they say is the case, these are his principles of testimony and credulity. Under his principle of testimony, he argues unless we have evidence to the contrary we should believe what people say when they asseverate to have had a religious experience In the absence of peculiar(a) considerations, the experiences of others are as they report. Furthermore Swinburne created the principle of credulity that holds the belief that unless we have overwhelming evidence to the contrary, we should believe that th ings are as they seem to be. In The Existence of God he wrote How things seem to be is a good guide to how things are.. Therefore in his view, religious experiences provide a convincing proof for the existence of God. In support if Swinburnes position, empirical look into undertaken in recent years has indicated that as many as 40% of people have at some time in their lives had an experience that could be classified as religious.Furthermore in 1969, the Religious Experience explore Unit in Oxford surveyed people by asking them the question concur you at any time in your life had an experience of something only different form your normal life, whether or not you would describe it as God? Many responded positively, saying it was the first time they had told anyone about their experience but it had been one of the most important moments of their lives.However one difficulty Steven truth highlights in his book The Puzzle of Ethics is taking such revealing experiences at face val ue is not restricted to one faith. He wrote, Catholics see the Virgin Mary. Hindus witness Vishnu.. the fact that people have so many bizarre and often contradictory experiences.. ought to lead someone who claims to have had a revelation to treat their experience with caution. Law calls for experients to question their experience and for atheists to remain sceptic, as the experient could easily have mistaken their experience.The argument from religious experience is a posterior which means that it is based on experience, and if the experience is reliable it may lead to reliable conclusions. Many theists believe in order for a belief in God to be rational, they dont need to back up their experience with proof as Gods existence was directly revealed to them through a individual(prenominal) experience of God. Those who have experienced may have done so but the evidence doesnt strongly support that conclusion for non-religious believers.