Thursday, February 28, 2019

Barbarian to Humanist

Kimberly Kurata HI 30 Barbarian to Humanist Francois Rabelais wrote, Gargantua in the sixteenth century as a satirical short story portrait a giant named Gargantua and his tran razzion from his barbaric vogues to civilized humanitarian focal point of living. The story takes place during the clock of transition from the Medieval duration to the reincarnation. It went from a time of academicism and monasticism to a time of humanism and secularism. The Renaissance gave the modern world secularism, humanism and individualism.Throughout the story we see Gargantua evolve into a respectable and honorable man and Frere jean as a monastic who defies all old views of who and what a monk is. The story of Gargantua illustrates the transition from scholasticism to humanism and in a satirical account through the lives of Gargantua and Frere Jeans. Humanism can be defined as the cultural keen way of idea that focuses on human beings expo blazeg themselves to their own potential.This way of thinking emerged during the time of the Renaissance. It was the in the raw movement to broaden an individuals narrow seeking mind. academism was the scholarship that went on in monasteries where the tradition was the study and focus on only theological issues. Before humanism rose, scholasticism was the only practice of higher education. Scholasticism consisted of memorizing texts and focusing on obscure questions. Humanists criticized and completely spurned this form of living.The humanists core value can be summond up in cardinal description by Leonardo DaVinci, Luomo Universale,the frequent man is interested in everything, not peerless thing. Gargantuas proterozoic life can be described as a chivalrous type of living. He was consumeed, As a result of that mishap, the cotyledonary veins of the womb were released from preceding(prenominal) and the child sprang through the midriff (which is situated above the shoulders where the aforesaid mineral vein divides into t wo) took the left path and emerged through her left ear. 1 The way Gargantua was birthed is a allegory to the type of world he was being born into. The old way of living was based virtually the Greek way of thinking. Gargantuas birth can be paralleled to the classical reference of the birth of many Greek gods. While growing up, Gargantua was shown as a child with barbaric tendencies. His foreign slipway and signs of pure immaturity can be exemplified when he would, toast out of his slippers, regularly scratch his belly on wicker puddle baskets, cut his teeth on his clogs et off fat farts shovel the blemish rear into the ditch . 2 In Gargantuas young mind, one of his sterling(prenominal) achievements was figuring out the best object to wipe his bum with stupidity, was at an all time high. Gargantuas ways prove the simplicity and ferociousness of his character. One of the main sources of Gargantuas escape of knowledge at a young age sprouted from his first tutor, Magister T hubal Holofernes whose intelligence, or lack of intelligence, think around the Scholaticism movement. He taught Gargantua his ABC so well that he could paraphrase it by heart backwards. He spent five years and three months over that. 3 The chief concern of of the Scholastics such as Holofernes, was not to evolve new facts precisely to it integrate the knowledge already acquired by the Greeks. This example is also connected to monasticism because Rabelais is poking fun at the fact that the monks would sit in solitude for years and just memorize the Bibles text, a tradition that humanists completely rejected.These traditional doctrines and way of living were fruitless and repetitive. This skill reciting the alphabet backwards was a satirical swipe at scholasticisms knowledge for knowledges sake. Finally Gargantuas father, Grandgousier, came to realize the lack of knowledge his son had when a young page named Eudemon humbled Gargantua, who was an ideal Renaissance youth, clean , healthy, skilled in Latin and at bewitching speaking, only if his rhetoric is more eloquent than truthful in his sycophancy of the young giant. 4 After the young page praised Gargantua so beautifully, Gargantuas, behavior was and to a blubber like a cow and hide his cause in his bonnet. 5 With that, the decision was do that Gargantua would go to France and learn the new ways of classicism. This signified not only the transition of Gargantua from medieval and scholastic ways, but all of Europes transition to ways of humanism. Once in Paris, Gargantua made drastic improvements in education with his new tutor Ponocrates. At first, Ponocrates decided to observe Gargantua and the activities he partook in on a median(prenominal) day.Seeing Gargantuas daily routine and how useless his old education had made him, Ponocrates realized he had no time to spare with Gargantuas narrow-scholastic mind. Ponacrates way of teaching could be seen as the way he disciplined Gargantuas mind. He made Gargantua clear his mind of anything he learned from previous tutors, and fill it with the new humanistic subjects of learning. To start off, Gargantua was awoke every morning around four am, While he was being rubbed down, a passage of the pulld Scripture was read out to him, loud and clearGargantua would often devote himself to revering, worshipping, supplicating and adoring God in his goodness, whose majesty and marvelous judgements were revealed by the reading. 6 This shows one of the major components of humanism, the balance mingled with religious and secular views. Humanism was indeed against most religious traditions but it was not against God and the belief in God. Humanism was focused on the human being reaching his or her full potential in all aspects of life. Focusing on one skill or talent was cutting an individual short being well-rounded was glorified and stressed with humanists.Striving to become his or her best whether it was the elementary task of getting dressed in the morning. Gargantua was dressed, combed, brushed, perfumed and made elegant, during which time yesterdays lessons were gone over with him. He would recite them by heart and base on them some practical matters concerning our human correct they might extend it to some two or three hours but normally stopped once he was fully dressed. 7 The distinction between the two educations in Gargantuas case are clear.Gargantua accomplished more in the first three hours of waking up in this new humanistic way of living, than he did in probably a calendar week or two with scholasticism. Gargantua mastered subjects such as arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music. As regards to musical instruments, he learnt to mould the lute, the spinet, the harp, both the traverse and the nine holed flutes, the genus Viola and the sackbut. 8 The arts were a huge part of the Renaissance, and being able to play all of those instruments is tangible evidence that his knowledge and intelligence is growing in more than one area.The second half of Gargantuas story is brought back to his homeland. Gargantua travels back and meets a monk named Frere Jean. Frere Jean was not an ordinary monk. Monks during the oculus Ages were seen as spiritually minded men who withdrew themselves from society. Their life consisted of praying, religious do and works of charity. Monks were the center of scholasticism, being the only ones who could read and write. Some would sequestrate and withdraw themselves from society. They felt that society contained too much evil and sin to live in.Because of their isolation, when put in a note where they needed to digest themselves, they ran away in fear. 9 Yet, when Frere Jean was put in a occurrence where he was captured by enemy guards and needed to escape, he faced the situation with bravery and, struck the archer who was holding him on his right, entirely rift the sphagitid arteries in the neck his jugular veins together with the uvula down to t he thyroid glands 10 1 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. The Histories of Gargantua and Pantagruel. Harmondsworth, Middlesex Penguin, 1955. 226. Print. 2 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (243). 3 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (251). 4 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (252). 5 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (254). 6 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (279). 7 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (279). 8 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (281). 9 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (293). 10 Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua. (339).

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